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发表于 2016-6-27 14:45:22 | 显示全部楼层
中国学生写的英语句子喜欢一通到底,没有任何语气的间歇,像一根笔直的竹竿,因此称之为“竹竿句”。而英美人士写的句子则不同,他们偏爱插入语,通过插入语表现出作者语气的间歇和停顿。

有了插入语,读者眼中的句子有一种跌宕起伏的感觉,这种句子像海浪一起忽起忽落,笔者称这种句子为“海浪句”。试比较:
Ancient men made tools out ofstone. For instance, they always used flint because it is easier to shape thanother kinds of stone. (不使用插入语)
Fortunately, however, ancientmen made tools of stone, especially flint, because it is easier to shape than other kinds of stone. (使用插入语)

由此我们看出:英语句子要写得跌宕起伏才地道。
对于雅思写作来说,同样也是如此。虽然我们不必像文学写作那样精心雕琢句子,但是对于插入语的简单用法掌握好以后,这样的句子可能会让人感到“惊艳”。

【写作要领】
1. 插入语可以是一个词、一个短语,或者一个句子;

2. 插入语多半用逗号跟其他成分隔开;

3. 插入语最好放在主语之后,便于掌握。


【实战举例】
1:副词插入语——however,indeed, actually, also,nowadays, therefore ……这些词是最好用的插入语

实际上,旅游可以促进国家之间的相互了解。
Tourism, in fact, may promote mutual understanding among nations.

然而很多人认为孩子应该由幼儿园来照顾。
Many people, however, argue that children should be looked after in the kindergarten.

2:短语插入语——generally speaking(总的来说), to tell the truth(老实说), in a sense (从某种意义上说),in a word (总而言之), in/by contrast (相反), by and large(总的来说), as far as I amconcerned (就我而言)

照我看来,家长不该无视电脑游戏对小孩的副作用。
Parents, as far as I amconcerned, should never lose sight of the side-effects of computer games ontheir children.

3:短句插入语——I suppose, as I see it, I believe,

在我看来,环境对人的性格有深远影响。
Environment, as I see it, has a far-reaching influence on one’s personality.

4:分词短语插入语

对于同卵双胞胎的研究显示遗传特质对于个人生活会产生重要影响。
Research, relating to identical twins, has highlighted how significant inherited characteristics can be for an individual’s life.

首先,将不用的瓶子扔到废瓶收集点,然后再用卡车运到玻璃清理厂。
Initially, the used bottles, discarded by the customers into the collecting point, are transportedby the rubbish truck to the cleaning plant.

5. 非限制定语从句做插入语

News broadcasts about world disasters, which are now available 24 hours a day, can make people feel anxious.

Office technology, which requires only basic training to use, is the cause of much frustration at work.

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